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Quick Fixes for Your Dry Skin


The body needs protection from external elements thereby the existence of the skin. The skin has an important role therefore it should not be ignored or overlooked. Sometimes there are things around us causing skin damage. If you are particularly concerned about your dry skin, it is time that you know some techniques on tackling dry skin.

Of course you want to show off but it is not possible with dry skin. Do not worry because you can still revive your skin and leave it smooth. Here are some quick fixes that you can consider:

Many Singaporeans know about skin care essentials but it may not be as effective to you. The best thing here is to try everything and then decide which regime or routine works best for you. The important thing here is you do not hide under gloves or long pants – you tackle. The secret here is consistency.

Keeping air moist

If you are living in a climate with winter, your skin is prone to dryness. If the temperature drips, the humidity level plummets leaving the skin dry. Many people think that the only solution is to turn up the thermostat but that is a different matter. Turning it can even leave the skin drier as indoor heating can strip the skin of moisture.

Since turning up the thermostat cannot help, you have to consider keeping the air moist. Try installing a humidifier. This will surely keep the air moist around. The setting should be at 45 to 55% while the temperature should be at 68 Fahrenheit.

Shower quickly and coolly

It is ideal to have that steamy shower after a hard day but as much as you want to, do not stay too long. If you can shower coolly and quickly, do it because it can do the skin good. Remember that the steam can dry the skin’s natural oils. The more you linger in that steamy shower, the more your skin suffers.

If you cannot do without hot shower, at least dial down the temperature (maybe just lukewarm) plus make it short. Five minutes is enough.

Think of locking in the moisture

After taking that shower, the next thing that you do is to dry off using your towel. You have to know that this will strip your skin of moisture. Showering is good as it can give skin moisture but if you dry it off immediately, you do not give it a chance to lock in the moisture.

It is recommended that you do not dry it completely – leave it a bit moist and then apply the moisturizer to your damp skin.

Smart Ways to Save on AV Equipment Rentals

Budget is always one of the major concerns in event planning. Having the right budget makes it possible to create a remarkable affair and ensures that the show will give the audience a great time. Event organizers always try to get the biggest bang for their buck by spending on elements that will enhance the experience of the event, like table linens, décor and props. Many times, the audio-visual requirements of the event are at the bottom of the list and is only taken care of when everything is already set.

If this happens to be your case, don’t lose hope. There are some steps you can take to make things work for you. With careful planning and close working relationship with your PA system rental provider, you can still increase the overall experience of your event without going beyond your financial limit.

Get Just the Right Size of AV System

Pick a sound system rental that matches the size of your party. In some instances, in-house sound system is a cost-efficient solution for smaller events, like employee meetings for a group of no more than 50 attendees. If an event includes speakers who remain stationary, consider getting a podium and a wired microphone for quality sound at a reasonable price. Unless it’s too inconvenient, use wired microphones as they are more dependable and less prone to feedback than wireless ones. Ask your rental company to use the right type of speakers for the kind of event you have; some speakers are best suited for smaller groups and venues, while others are better for larger events.

Work with your AV equipment provider to choose the most appropriate sound system that requires the least level of operation. Newer speakers, such as powered speakers and line arrays, offer better audio quality and lesser set-up time at an affordable price.

Use GOBOs for Lighting Effects

GOBOs, which stands for ‘GOes Before Optics,‘ are glass or tin stencils that go into lighting fixtures and allow lights to get through and create particular patterns. A GOBO usually costs around $60 for a single pattern, which can be used over and over again, and is a more versatile and cost-efficient option than a banner or poster. This decorative lighting is widely used in events nowadays to maximize visibility of sponsors at trade events and to decorate empty walls, eradicating the need to spend on wall decors.

Consider Advanced Technological Equipment

Audio-visual equipment, like other technological gears, is improving over the years. While the cost of technology continually drops, the newest ones are usually still the most expensive. Plasma TVs are slowly dropping prices, as larger TVs carry heavier price tags. Don’t let the rental cost scare you as initial quotes can always be adjusted to meet your requirements. Your AV equipment rental company will work with you to help you choose the best combination of newer and more affordable equipment for your AV set-up. It’s possible to get a lower rental cost of newer and more powerful equipment than requires less set-up time and manpower.

Go Crazy with Lighting

Compared to the collective cost of flowers, entertainment and videos, lighting is much more inexpensive and is able to do a lot to change the mood and perspective of a room. Coloured uplighting on the stage adds flair to the event. Lighting from the ceiling, it can create mystery, drama or romance. The right lighting set-up puts presenters in the best frame and effect for projection onto plasmas and screens. All you need is a versatile lighting design that enables you to create different moods for each part of your program. Not only you’ll save money from using fewer equipment and technicians, a dramatic lighting set-up enables you to cut back on decorations.

Work with an All-in-One Provider

There is a common misconception that breaking out your AV requirements to multiple providers can help you save money. Unfortunately, this is rare. Instead of enduring the hassle of searching for different vendors for your lights and sounds, choose a company that can provide both to eliminate unnecessary expenses. But remember to be honest with your AV equipment rental vendor and disclose your budget to them. This will allow them to formulate a plan that will work towards your goal.

Plan in Advance

Regardless of the size and type of event you will have, hiring a sound system provider is essential for the success of your affair. AV professionals with extensive knowledge and experience can provide you with advice, services and equipment that deliver maximum impact and ‘wow’ factor by staying within your budget limit.

Hire Local Vendors

This may seem obvious, but if you hire a local PA system rental company, there are a lot of benefits apart from the cost. The cost factor alone, you will be saving money from travel and per diem expenses, as well as storage chares. From an environmental viewpoint, you’re going an eco-friendly route for reducing your carbon footprint. And in case of last-minute emergencies, a rental company in Singapore can quickly and easily run back to their hub in case they forget something.

Audio-visual equipment, like other technological gears, is improving over the years. While the cost of technology continually drops, when you look for AV equipment in Singapore and evaluate them, the newest ones are usually still the most expensive. Plasma TVs are slowly dropping prices, as larger TVs carry heavier price tags. Don’t let the rental cost scare you as initial quotes can always be adjusted to meet your requirements. Your AV equipment rental company will work with you to help you choose the best combination of newer and more affordable equipment for your AV set-up. It’s possible to get a lower rental cost of newer and more powerful equipment than requires less set-up time and manpower.

Are You in An Abusive Relationship?


Emotional abuse can be subtle. You don’t notice it right away unlike physical abuse. Physical abuse on the other hand includes emotional abuse and is sometimes preceded by it.

How do you know if you’re emotionally abused or if you’re the abuser?


The abuser tends to humiliate and threaten the victim. They don’t listen to your opinions and ideas. When you react, they tell you that you’re too weak to handle real talk. They can’t appreciate your accomplishments and put you down whenever you tell them about your plans. The abuser can either be the man or the woman in a relationship. There are studies that show that gender doesn’t matter although in cases of physical and sexual abuse, most of the offenders are men.


Abusers like control and are jealous. Whenever you have an argument, past mistakes are brought up to remind you of your shortcomings even if they are not related to the subject matter. It’s as if by making accusations, the other person can prove that you’re on the wrong.


Abusers also tend to wallow in self-pity after a fight. They feel sorry for the victim but they also make up excuses for their behavior as if you’re the cause of their unhappiness. They often resort to withdrawal to get your attention. They want to be comforted and sought after like victims as if you’re the one who has done something wrong.

What do you do if you’re the abuser and what if you’re the victim?


Learned behavior can’t be changed, but you can practice by controlling your anger. When you become angry, that’s when the abuse starts to spiral out of control. Don’t make up excuses like reminding your partner of your abusive past. Just because you have been traumatized perhaps as a kid doesn’t mean you should take it out on other people. You are repeating the cycle of violence by copying your abuser. It was your choice to be abusive. If you feel like you need professional help, don’t be afraid to seek help from specialists.


If you think you’re a victim, try talking to your partner about it when he or she’s in a good mood. Convince him or her to attend counseling with you.


Don’t tolerate physical and sexual abuse. Any kind of abuse can be psychologically and emotionally damaging in the long run, even life-threatening. If talking does not work, there is no reason for you to stay in an abusive relationship. Don’t stay for love because love should not be abusive. Even if there is no physical abuse but you still feel threatened, it is still abuse. Don’t let pressure from family, peers and the society pressure you into staying in such a relationship. Call for help and talk to trusted people.

10 Video Games Based on History


Age of Empires


Age of Empires Series is a real-time strategy game based on various human civilizations that have developed since the Stone Age. The player is required to gather and use resources. The civilization chosen by the player comes with its own set of attributes that will have an effect on the development of technology and survival.


Assassin’s Creed


The first game in the series was set in the Crusades. It follows a fictionalized Order of the Assassins inspired by the medieval Nizari Ismailis in a centuries-long conflict with the Templars. Each game includes historical figures from different periods in world history.


Call of Duty 1, 2 and 3


Call of Duty Series is a first-person shooter game. The first up to the third Call of Duty games were loosely based on World War II. Call of Duty 4 and the subsequent releases were set in modern times. The games were told from the perspectives of the American, British and Red Army soldiers.




Civilization Series is a turn-based strategy game. The player will have to overcome conditions set in the game and by other players. The goal is to build a civilization that will last through time which begins in 1 A.D. and continues to the present and even beyond. The technology will depend on what’s available and takes into consideration the environmental factors and political climate with neighbors.



Conflict Series, which currently has five games in its franchise, is inspired by modern events. It’s a tactical third-person shooter game. The first game was set in the Persian Gulf War. The second game was set Gulf War, while the third in Vietnam War.


Dynasty Warriors


Dynasty Warriors Series or Shin Sangokumusou is probably the most well-known video game adaptation of the Romance of the Three Kingdoms. It’s a tactical action video game where you can control any one of the numerous warriors.


Oregon Trail


Oregon Trail Series was inspired by the 19th century settling of Willamette Valley in Oregon. The player will guide his companions on the journey. These party members could die from various causes and the player must also hunt for food supplies to survive.


Red Dead Redemption


Red Dead Redemption is a Western open-world action-adventure game set in the 1911 American Frontier. It features the Old West—Western United States and Mexico. The lead character of the game is the outlaw John Marston whose loved ones were taken by the government.


Samurai Warriors


Samurai Warriors Series or Sengoku Musou is based on the Sengoku jidai or Warring States period of Japan. The game mechanics is similar to that of Dynasty Warriors i which you can control any one of the characters available. The battles are loosely based on the real fights in history.


Total War


Total War Series is a strategy game which combines turn-based gameplay when gathering resources and real-time control during battles. The setting for each game varies. The first, Shogun: Total War, was set in Japan’s Sengoku period.

What to Consider When Choosing an Auto Repair Shop

Choosing a car repair shop is a task most of us approach with fear and paranoia. However, it doesn’t always have to be that way. To help you deal with the stress of finding and choosing the best repair shop for you and your car, we’ve listed down some considerations worth looking into before coming up with a decision.

1. Reputation

In choosing an auto repair shop, reputation is one of the first things you should consider. The thing is, unless you have an idea as to what you should really look for in a repair shop, it may take you some time to realize that you need to change technicians in a hurry. Fortunately, it’s now easier to look for a reputable shop by asking around or browsing the web. The Internet allows you to connect with more people than before, so you don’t need to limit your recommendations to your relatives and friends.

A good way of checking you prospective shop’s reputation is by contacting the Consumers Association of Singapore to check if your prospective car repair shop has an unusually large number of unresolved complaints. You surely wouldn’t want to find out that you’ve been ripped off after you’ve paid for all the necessary services.

2. Credentials

Quality workmanship is another important thing to consider when choosing a car repair shop. Are the mechanics working on your car well-trained and qualified, or did they perform their first oil change just this morning? Most car manufacturers in Singapore sponsor ongoing in-house training programs for their dealership technicians. These technicians are required to pass all the demanding hands-on and written tests.

Other than that, certain organizations also certify mechanics through a series of general written tests. Technicians are also required to have a two-year hands-on work experience before working on certain auto repair shops. Although certifications play an important role in choosing an auto repair shop, it’s still doesn’t guarantee a person’s honesty or competence at work. But it’s still better than nothing.

3. Service Charge

Obviously, price will always play a part in determining your regular car service centre in Singapore where you will have your auto repair done – but don’t let it cloud your judgment. If one shop is charging S$10 for an oil change service, and the one down the street is charging S$30, what’s the difference? Does the shop that charges cheaper use low-grade oil to do the work? Are their mechanics less trained? These are some of the things you should consider looking into before automatically deciding to go with the cheaper price.

4. Guarantee

Apart from the warranty, another thing to consider is whether or not their work is guaranteed. A common practise among reputable car repair shops is to guarantee their work for 90 days. However, avoid getting a ‘property line guarantee’ from your repair shop. This guarantees after the repairs are done, you get to the end of their property line, and they guarantee that they never want to see you again. An authentic guarantee, on other hand, promises that if the job isn’t done right the first time, they will do their best to correct it as soon as you bring your car to their place.

5. Warranty

If you have an auto repair covered by a warranty, then you should take it straight to the dealership. If you’re going to have non-warranty car maintenance and work elsewhere, however, then you need to be careful about keeping your records. A warranty is often dependent on meeting certain requirements. If you don’t change your car’s oil for two years – or has no record of doing so – you may be surprise when your engine breaks down, and your warranty won’t cover it. So ensure that the repair shop you’ll choose provides you with detailed maintenance and repair records.

6. Cleanliness of the Place

Is the car servicing shop reasonably clean and organized? Or does it look like it was stirred up using a large spoon? Does the shop use computerized diagnostic tools, or is the mechanic equipped with a rusty screwdriver and a large wrench?

Although a shop doesn’t have to look like hangar out of Star Wars, it should still have a modern engine analysing equipment and an up-to-date manual necessary to work on your computerized car. A good repair shop is more than willing to discuss the equipment it uses, as well as show how the equipment works.

7. Usage of Technical Service Bulletins

An auto repair shop that’s worth its salt should be able to access Technical Service Bulletin, more commonly known as TSB. About 6,000 of these latest fixes for difficult to diagnose problems are issues by the car manufacturers each year.

Without gaining access to these insider remedies, mechanics might be forced to ‘throw parts’ into your car. Not knowing what the real problem of your car is, they might keep replacing certain parts until they finally (or possibly) get the correct one.

8. Rapport on Repairs

Equipment is not the most important consideration in choosing a car servicing shop. It’s the attitude of the mechanics who will be working on your car. Your visit to your prospective repair shop should leave you feeling listened to, understood, and comfortable with the way you were treated. If you and your mechanic cannot establish a good rapport on repairs, chances are your relationship with their shop won’t last long.

Looking for a reputable auto repair shop isn’t really that difficult. By keeping these considerations into mind, you’ll surely be able to find a car repair shop that can provide both your and your car’s needs.

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